The International Monetary Fund (IMF) team, led by Mercedes Vera Martin, completed its week-long mission to Kinshasa on Monday. Exchanges with the Congolese authorities focused mainly on recent economic and financial developments, economic policy priorities and progress in structural reforms.
Mercedes Vera Martin was optimistic, but still warned of certain risks.
“The outlook for 2022 remains favorable, but downside risks to the outlook have increased sharply and call for accumulating reserves and maintaining prudent macroeconomic policies to build resilience to external shocks,” she told Reuters. the end of his stay.
She hammered home the immediate consequences of the war in Ukraine.
“Rising global food and energy prices related to the conflict-related crisis in Ukraine and volatile mineral prices pose risks to inflation and growth. Rising oil prices generate significant fiscal pressures due to untargeted fuel price subsidies, reducing fiscal space for necessary social and infrastructure spending,” she pointed out.
Thus, the IMF team called for transparency in fuel pricing and to closely monitor the impact of the subsidy on the budget.
The DRC will not be the only country that risks being affected by the energy crisis that the Ukrainian crisis may cause. Around 30% of Europe’s oil needs are provided by Russia, compared to 8% for the United States.